Healthy teeth and gums depend on good oral hygiene, a low-sugar diet, healthy saliva and regular visits to the dentist. Some drugs can cause tooth damage, so it is important that you tell your dentist about any drugs you are taking. Prevention is certainly better than cure, as dental restoration can be expensive and time-consuming.
Dry mouth ificantly increases the risk of tooth decay. This is because saliva:. The regular use of drugs can cause ificant tooth damage. Drugs that carry a high risk to your oral health include:. Any drug dependence or drug use that causes the person to neglect their personal hygiene, diet and dental care can ificantly increase the risk of dental and many other problems. Professional treatment depends on the particular drug and its effects on your teeth and gums, but may include:.
If you are scheduled for dental treatment, tell your dentist about your alcohol or smoking intake, as well as any drugs you are taking or have recently taken. Also tell your dentist about any medications you are taking or have recently taken, including prescription, over-the-counter and herbal medications. This has been produced in consultation with and approved by:.
The effect of cocaine on gums and teeth
The size of a standard drink can vary according to the type of alcohol. Amphetamines are psychostimulant drugs that speed up the workings of the brain. Prolonged misuse of steroids can cause liver damage and severe mood swings. Benzodiazepines tranquillisers are highly addictive and should only be used for certain conditions in a short-term or emergency situation.
Caffeine is a stimulant that acts on the brain and nervous system. Content on this website is provided for information purposes only. Information about a therapy, service, product or treatment does not in any way endorse or support such therapy, service, product or treatment and is not intended to replace advice from your doctor or other registered health professional.
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Summary Read the full fact sheet. On this. Drug use and dry mouth Drugs can affect teeth and gums Treatment for drug-related tooth and gum problems Drug use and prevention of tooth and gum problems Drug use and dental treatment Where to get help.
This is because saliva: reduces the population of bacteria in the mouth neutralises mouth acids that cause tooth decay contains substances crucial to the ongoing process of re-mineralisation, which is the repair of tooth enamel the hard surface layer that protects the tooth that has been damaged by acids has a washing effect preventing food particles from sitting on teeth.
Talk to your dentist about whether any drugs you are taking could be causing dry mouth. Drugs can affect teeth and gums The regular use of drugs can cause ificant tooth damage.
Drugs that carry a high risk to your oral health include: alcohol — regular intake of alcohol can cause a dry mouth and tooth erosion, as most alcohols are acidic cannabis — also called marijuana, pot and weed; can cause dry mouth and can lead to an increased risk of gum problems. Cannabis smoke can cause oral cancer cocaine — also called coke or blow. Users sometimes rub cocaine over their gums, causing ulceration of gums and the underlying bone. Cocaine mixed with saliva creates an extremely acidic solution that erodes tooth enamel and exposes the underlying dentine to decay-causing bacteria.
Cocaine and crack cocaine cause dry mouth, which further increases the risk of tooth decay. Side effects of ecstasy include tooth grinding, jaw clenching and dry mouth heroin — also called H or smack. People who use heroin tend to crave sweet foods, which can increase the risk of tooth decay if dental hygiene is neglected.
Heroin can also cause dry mouth and tooth grinding methamphetamine — also called speed, ice or meth.
This drug causes severe tooth decay in a very short time. Methamphetamine is highly acidic and attacks tooth enamel. Other side effects include dry mouth, teeth grinding and jaw clenching tobacco — smoking is associated with an increased rate of gum disease and poor gum healing as well as an increased risk of cancers, including oral cancer.
Treatment for drug-related tooth and gum problems Professional treatment depends on the particular drug and its effects on your teeth and gums, but may include: Fluoride strengthens teeth and reduces the risk of decay. The dentist may apply topical fluoride to the surface of your teeth. Fluoride tablets or mouthwashes may be recommended for use at home. Decayed teeth will need dental fillings and perhaps restorative work such as crowns. Badly decayed teeth may need to be removed.
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Bridges, dental implants or partial or full dentures may be recommended. The dentist can recommend various treatments such as veneers that can improve the look of your mouth and smile. Drug use and prevention of tooth and gum problems Suggestions include: If you have a drug dependence problem, consider talking to your doctor about entering a drug treatment program.
Avoid fizzy soft drinks, which are highly acidic and can erode tooth enamel. Drink fluoridated tap water instead. Cut back on sweet or sticky foods such as biscuits or lollies. Chew sugar-free gum to encourage a steady flow of saliva.
Pay careful attention to your tooth brushing and flossing habits. Clean your teeth thoroughly at least twice a day.
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Visit your dentist at least once or twice a year. Minimise your intake of alcohol. Consider quitting smoking. Ask your doctor and dentist for further self-care suggestions, and follow them carefully. Drug use and dental treatment If you are scheduled for dental treatment, tell your dentist about your alcohol or smoking intake, as well as any drugs you are taking or have recently taken.
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