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Safe sex is having sexual contact while protecting yourself and your sexual partner against sexually transmissible infections STIs and unplanned pregnancy. Unsafe sex may put you or your partner at risk of STIs such as chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, Mycoplasma genitalium, HIV or hepatitis B, or may result in an unplanned pregnancy.
Condoms offer the best available protection against STIs by acting as a physical barrier to prevent the exchange of semen, vaginal fluids or blood between partners. However, condoms do offer the best available protection when used correctly. Issues to consider include:. Ways that you can practise safer sex include:.
Unsafe sex outside of a monogamous relationship increases your risk of getting a STI. Examples of unsafe sexual activities include:. This has been produced in consultation with and approved by:.
Did you know that deaths from injury are 2. That men are more likely to die from preventable diseases? In Victoria, you can have two types of abortion: surgical and medication. Both types are safe and reliable.
Sexual performance: the younger years
You can have a medication abortion up to nine weeks of pregnancy. You can have a surgical abortion from around six weeks of pregnancy onwards. Mifepristone, also called RU or the 'abortion pill', is used to terminate end a pregnancy up to nine weeks. Abortion is one of the most common and safest types of surgery in Australia.
The effects of androgen deficiency depend on how severe the deficiency is, its cause and the age at which the deficiency begins. Content on this website is provided for information purposes only. Information about a therapy, service, product or treatment does not in any way endorse or support such therapy, service, product or treatment and is not intended to replace advice from your doctor or other registered health professional.
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The State of Victoria and the Department of Health shall not bear any liability for reliance by any user on the materials contained on this website. Sexual health. Home Sexual health. Safe sex. Actions for this Listen Print. Summary Read the full fact sheet.
On this. Condoms and safe sex Effectiveness of condoms Other tips for safer sex Safe sexual activities High-risk or unsafe sexual activities Increasing the risk of unsafe sex Safe sex myths Overcoming barriers to safe sex What to do if you have unsafe sex Where to get help. Condoms and safe sex Condoms offer the best available protection against STIs by acting as a physical barrier to prevent the exchange of semen, vaginal fluids or blood between partners.
For vaginal, anal and oral sex, you should use condoms. Points to keep in mind include: The male condom is a fine, strong, latex-rubber sheath available in a variety of sizes and styles.
Condoms made from polyurethane are available for people allergic to latex. The female condom resembles a regular condom made of polyurethane, but is deed to fit inside the vagina. You should use other barrier methods — for example, condoms on vibrators and other penetrative sex toys, a latex glove for digital penetration of the vagina or anus, and a dental dam a sheet of latex worn over the female genitals during oral sex. Remember that a diaphragm a cap worn high in the vagina to cover the cervix offers good protection against pregnancy, but low protection against STIs.
To be effective, condoms must be used from the start of sex to the very end as STIs can be transmitted via pre-ejaculate. Always use a new, lubricated condom every time you have sex. Check the use-by date and open the packet, being careful not to tear the condom with fingernails, jewellery or teeth.
If you need extra lubricant, use only water-based lubricants. Other lubricants can damage the condom. Issues to consider include: Sex Sex a condom may still spread an infection if the condom does not fully cover the infected area. For example, some infections such as pubic lice, scabies, genital warts and herpes are spread by close skin-to-skin contact. Condoms provide some protection against these STIs, but not full protection as they do not cover the entire genital skin area.
A condom may com, particularly if it has not been stored properly or the right lubricant has not been used. This is why you should always use water-based lubricant.
Safer sex guidelines
Oil-based lubricants are associated with condom breakage and should not be used. Do not expose a condom to prolonged heat. Ways that you can practise safer sex include: Having sex with only one partner, when neither of you has any STIs, is the safest way to have sex. Be STI free by getting tested for common infections and having treatment if necessary, especially if you have a new partner.
Avoid sexual contact until the doctor or nurse tells you that you are no longer infectious and until both you and you partner have been treated. Communicate with your sexual partner about what you want and enjoy sexually. Be aware that drugs and alcohol may affect your ability to make good decisions. Use other types of contraception in addition to a condom to avoid unplanned pregnancy.
Covid advice, updates and vaccine options
Safe sexual activities Sexual contact that carries a low risk of STI transmission includes: kissing although recent studies have shown that deep throat kissing French kissing may be associated with the spread of gonorrhoea cuddling massage masturbation mutual masturbation ejaculating on unbroken skin sexual intercourse using barrier contraception — such as a condom or female condom.
High-risk or unsafe sexual activities Unsafe sex outside of a monogamous relationship increases your risk of getting a STI. Safe sex myths Some people believe, or may try to persuade you of, various myths about safe sex, such as: Planning ahead for sex ruins the mood. Practicing safe sex implies that one of us has an STI. Practicing safe sex implies that one of us is an intravenous-drug user.
Taking the pill means I practice safe sex. Condoms ruin the feel of sex. Buying condoms is embarrassing.
If you find condoms reduce the pleasure that you or your partner experience, drop a bit of water-based lubricant in the tip of the condom for extra feeling and sensitivity. Learn how to use condoms. Involve condoms in foreplay. If you feel too embarrassed to buy condoms in a pharmacy or supermarket, buy them from vending machines in some public toilets, from mail-order sites or grab a handful from a community health centre or sexual health centre.
Hormonal contraceptives, such as the oral contraceptive pill, only provide protection against unplanned pregnancy. They provide no protection against STIs. Prioritise your sexual health — it is important.
Educate yourself about STIs. Anyone who has sex is at risk. Be mature about STIs and reassure yourself and your partner that an STI is not a moral judgement of character, but an infection like any other. Have STI tests if you are in a relationship and you want to have sex without a condom.
When sex is painful
Both partners should be tested. Think of STI testing as a of respect for each other. Consider taking the emergency contraceptive pill within 72 hours is best, but it can be taken with hours of unprotected sex or a broken condom if no other form of contraception was used see your GP promptly to be tested for STIs consider post-exposure prophylaxis PEP to prevent HIV, if you are a man who has had unprotected anal intercourse with another man. Call the PEP line to assess whether you require post-exposure prophylaxis.
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Related information. From other websites Family Planning Victoria. PEP: Post-exposure prophylaxis. Play safe, NSW Health.