Condom Fact Sheet In Brief pdf icon [2. Consistent and correct use of the external sometimes called male latex condom reduces the risk of sexually transmitted disease STD and human immunodeficiency virus HIV transmission.
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However, condom use cannot provide absolute protection against any STD. The most reliable ways to avoid transmission of STDs are to abstain from sexual activity, or to be in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner. However, many infected persons may be unaware of their infection because STDs often are asymptomatic and unrecognized.
Evidence of condom effectiveness is also based on theoretical and empirical data regarding the transmission of different STDs, the physical properties of condoms, and the anatomic coverage or protection provided by condoms. Laboratory studies have shown that latex condoms provide an effective barrier against even the smallest STD pathogens. Epidemiologic studies that compare rates of HIV infection between condom users and nonusers who have HIV-infected sex partners demonstrate that consistent condom use is highly effective in preventing transmission of HIV.
Similarly, epidemiologic studies have shown that condom use reduces the risk of many other STDs. However, the exact magnitude of protection has been difficult to quantify because of numerous methodological challenges inherent in studying private behaviors that cannot be directly observed or measured.
Theoretical and empirical basis for protection: Condoms can be expected to provide different levels of protection for various STDs, depending on differences in how the diseases or infections are transmitted. External condoms may not cover all infected areas or areas that could become infected.
Thus, they are likely to provide greater protection against STDs that are transmitted only by genital fluids STDs such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, trichomoniasis, and HIV infection than against infections that are transmitted primarily by skin-to-skin contact, which may or may not infect areas covered by a condom STDs such as genital herpes, human papillomavirus [HPV] infection, syphilis, and chancroid. To achieve maximum protection by using condoms, they must be used consistently and correctly.
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Implications of laboratory tests of condom integrity. Sex Transm Dis, 26 4 : An in vitro evaluation of condoms as barriers to a small virus. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, The real problem with male condoms is non-use. Sex Transm Dis, 26 8 : Condom use and risk of gonorrhea and Chlamydia: A systematic review of de and measurement factors assessed in epidemiologic studies.
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Sex Transm Dis, 33 1 : Condom effectiveness in reducing heterosexual HIV transmission. Get Updates. What's this? Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website.
Std risks pls advise. i get tested?