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Need help with your video visit? Below is a list of the most commonly abused substances and their general classifications. Click on the links to below to jump to learn more about the substance and its effects.
Effects of alcohol
Tobacco and Nicotine. Tranquilizers and Sedatives. Alcohol: Alcohol is a nervous system depressant and is the most commonly used and abused drug in the United States.
Effects: Loss of inhibitions, relaxation, loss of judgment, loss of coordination, increased aggression, decreased heart rate, slower respiration, sleep interference, damage to the brain, liver, and other internal organs, depression, tolerance, withdrawal, and addiction. Blood alcohol content is usually expressed as a percentage of alcohol generally in the sense of ethanol in the blood. For instance, a BAC of 0. They are only legal when prescribed by a doctor.
Cocaine : Cocaine comes from the leaves of the South American coca plant. The leaves are ground into a white powder or paste. Effects: Brief feeling of euphoria, relief of depression and anxiety, constricted blood vessels, increased heart rate, respiratory problems, high body temperature, stroke or heart attack, immediate depression at the end of the high, nasal irritation and degeneration holes in your nosemental changes, violent behavior, tolerance, and psychological addiction.
Hallucinogens : Hallucinogens are substances that cause people to experience hallucinations. Some hallucinogens are found naturally in plants mostly mushroom or cactus plantsbut most are man-made substances created in drug labs such as LSD, Ecstasy and PCP.
Effects: Mild euphoria, dangerous increase in blood pressure, hallucinations, dilated pupils, higher body temperature, depression, violent behavior, flashbacks that involve panic, confusion, loss of control, and tolerance. Heroin : Heroin is an opiate and a highly addictive drug. People use heroin by injecting, snorting or smoking it. With each use, more is needed to get high.
What is alcohol?
One of the greatest risks with this drug is how extremely easy it is to become dependent. Effects: In the short term, heroin can cause euphoria, dry mouth, severe itching, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, slowed mental function and reduced physical pain. Long-term effects include infectious diseases, collapsed veins, infection of the heart lining and valves, pulmonary complications, abscesses, liver disease, kidney disease and spontaneous abortion.
Inhalants : Inhalants are ordinary household products like glue, whiteout, nail polish remover, paint, aerosol spray cans, and the Freon found in air conditioners. Inhalants rank fourth in popularity for use and are the most widely used drug by kids age seven to Inhalants cause the most body damage when compared to all other drugs.
Effects: Irregular heartbeat, suffocation, brain damage, organ damage, hallucination, mental impairment, and tolerance. The main active, mind-altering chemical in marijuana is THC, which targets the central nervous system. Marijuana differs from all other common drugs of abuse in that it stays in the body far longer up to times as long as alcohol!
Methamphetamines : Methamphetamines are powerful man-made amphetamines central nervous system stimulants that are illegal in all forms. They are usually made in home laboratories. The main ingredient is ephedrine, but they also include toxic ingredients such as hydrochloric acid, drain cleaner, battery acid, fuel, and anti-freeze.
They have no medicinal value. Narcotics : Narcotics are drugs that act as pain relievers and sleep inducers downers. Opiates are narcotics extracted from the poppy flower, while other narcotics are man-made.
Facing addiction in america: the surgeon general's report on alcohol, drugs, and health [internet].
Effects: Euphoria, drowsiness, loss of pain sensations, constipation, inflammation of the veins, hepatitis, skin abscesses or other growths, rapid tolerance, withdrawal and addiction. Tobacco and Nicotine : Tobacco is a leafy plant containing nicotine, a powerful central nervous system stimulant.
Effects: Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable illness and death in the United States.
Short term, nicotine provides a feeling of calm followed by sudden depression, fatigue and craving. Because electronic cigarettes have been introduced only recently, the long-term health effects of long-term use of e-cigarettes is unknown. Nicotine use in any form can lead to increased blood pressure and heart rate as well as nausea, sweating, vomiting, diarrhea and eye irritation, according to the National Institutes of Health. E-cigarettes may contain ingredients that are known to be toxic to humans. These products are not required to be childproof and come in candy and fruit flavors that are appealing to children.
Tranquilizers and Sedatives : Tranquilizers are depressant drugs that can be used to treat anxiety or insomnia. Sedatives are used as a sleep aid or relaxant. Tranquilizers are used to gain a sense of well-being or to reduce feelings of panic or tension.
What happens at various levels of blood alcohol content (bac)?
Like alcohol, tranquilizers work to depress brain functions. Effects: Relief of anxiety or tension, impairment of memory, drowsiness, confusion, stupor, decreased motivation, irritability, and impaired sexual functioning. He has provided outpatient services for Pine Rest since Reference Source: George Washington University. Recovery is Possible! For help, please call